Specific instantiations of these rules are given for the DVMRP, MOSPF, .. RFC Interop Rules October When a DVMRP component receives an (S,G) . The Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol (DVMRP), defined in RFC , is a routing protocol used to share information between routers to facilitate the. Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol (DVMRP) was the first true Although Cisco routers can’t run DVMRP, they can be used as a PIM DVMRP RFC.

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So the configuration is similar to the PIM configuration. The key difference is in the ip dvmrp unicast-routing command, which tells the router to use the DVMRP multicast dvmdp table instead of the usual PIM choice of the unicast routing table.

Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol – Wikipedia

This allows you to pass multicast traffic through a section of network that doesn’t support multicast routing:. Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol.

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Enterprise Routing Updates and Futures Briefing. SD-WAN in 2 mins. WAN Routing and Switching.

This allows you to pass multicast traffic through a section of network that doesn’t support multicast routing: Router configure terminal Enter configuration commands, one per line.

Created by Bagley on I have 2 routers setup with a serial connection. Each router has a router on a stick setup with dmvrp switch and 3 vlans with clients. I would like to do static routing between the 2 routers, but it does not work.

Multi Rvmrp BGP – how to influence outbound path per ip.

RFC – Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol

Created by Brandon Baker on I have two providers and in which all my incoming traffic is somewhat balanced using route maps, currently all outgoing traffic just goes to one provider and if that provider goes down then it rolls to the other.

Is there a way I can force an individual I Created by emmurtaza on Hi,I have the following problem: When troubleshoot via windows rgc displays: Created by gauravhsheth on Hello,I am trying to configure cisco switch, i configured fast ethernet port and after putting a ethernet cable on management port i am getting a log every sec.

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In ‘Landscape as Urbanism’, author Charles Waldheim claims to have presented the first monographic account of a subject that has grown in. Landscape as Urbanism: A General Theory [Charles Waldheim] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. It has become conventional to think of. : The Landscape Urbanism Reader (): Charles Waldheim: Books.

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With the first, hcarles interaction was established on a post-militaristic basis; with the second; functionalism was enabled to re-connect to the world of perception; and with the third, phenomena of life and knowledge became more profoundly linked than ever before.

Charles Waldheim: Landscape Urbanism All Grown Up – Metropolis

Image courtesy of Jim Corner Field Operations. Their excavation of MERC origins asks how our construction of ecology and environment, as epistemological and material formations, can balance social intimacy, economic development, and a bio-political potential for annihilation. Throughout this period, Charles Waldheim has been a strong advocate for landscape urbanism.

A lot has happened—predatory real-estate and international high finance have mutually imploded, austerity has stalled and slowed the flow of resources and commodities, governments in general have been unable or unwilling to be the consumers of last resort Keynesand so on. How do you think the recession has refined the focus, alliances, and goals if there are goals for landscape urbanism and its relationship to capitalist development?

Embedded in the origins of landscape urbanism is this idea that it applies or has relevance in places that are growing rapidly, but also in places that are shrinking rapidly. I would argue that, in spite of the economic crisis, we still have the same global system—in a different phase.

Because landscape urbanism sought to deal with both shrinkage and growth, it aspires to offer a response to the economic dynamics of the last forty years and to the embedded or structural crises of advanced or late capitalism. From on, the bandwidth less lending, collapse of the credit market, and general poor conditions for speculation on top of the strain on public resources due to loss of tax-base and increased spending on unemployment, etc.

Can you think of particular projects or research initiatives that deal with that narrowing of bandwidth in general? Park building, and the idea of park building, as a centerpiece of urbanism is continuing as a centerpiece; its aspirations are maintained.

On the other hand, there may be a third issue at stake: In the original manuscript of the Landscape Urbanism Reader, we proposed a section of the book that dealt with the informal city, but it was deemed too far ahead of our audience to be viable. Today, we can say that the informal is clearly a topic that has grown in relevance and deserves further attention.

Spain is a great example of stable economies showing their cracks. Spain was both a functional member of the EU that we understand now was surviving on debt much like Greece and has always had a very active informal, tiered economy.

To the extent that landscape urbanism is a set of practices, then it is not connected to one particular culture or geography. It is available to various contexts and, if urbanism is the expression in space of relationships of capital or power, then any shift in the relationship of the structure of capital or power will impact urbanism.

That said, I think that landscape urbanism continues to be chharles value because of its unique ability to reconcile contemporary economic systems with the underlying ecological conditions in which urbanism is situated. There are a lot of things that have been at the edge of the landscape urbanism research agenda.

As someone involved in and supportive of this research, what sort of descriptor might you give these operational tactics, strategic strikes, or incidents in energy management?

I think that one of the more interesting areas for research for landscape urbanism today is the question of energy, resource extraction, production, and flows in relationship to urbanism. From its origins, landscape urbanism aspires to build an understanding of urbanism in which the ecological forces and flows that support urbanism are considered as part of the city as opposed to external to it. This offers a response to and critique of older models of urbanism in which the city is distinct from the countryside or the continent.

Often, in those old models, energy, as well as water and food and other sustenance, are viewed as externalities to the city problem, which made the city vulnerable. Our challenge is to find models in which both lansscape questions of sustainability and the renewability of energy sources can be explored, while also looking to reform and improve the global systems of production and distribution.

The prospect of finding renewable resources of energy and their impact on the city is one of the most interesting lines of work today. I think the topic of renewability does a couple of interesting things: Unlike our current dependence on vast reserves of coal or our global system of oil production, refinement, and distribution, renewable landscspe sources have a series of local impacts, a very different logic at many levels in terms of their production and distribution.

For example, wind and solar and hydroelectric based energy production: While they can be thought of as large mono-functional engineering systems, they can be thought about instead as distributed, embedded, highly localized conditions where each house or each block or each urban system are essentially both producing and consuming and feeding a larger system of supply and demand—which is a urbnism different logic than the logic of consumption at the heart of our cities today.

For example, if we have more localized energy production, what types of formal echoes might appear in other consumption trends and values?

The model many are looking at in terms of both energy and food production is one in which renewability and sustainability are the goal. Your reference to MacKaye and Geddes is apt and has relevance for landscape urbanism: Landscape urbanism is both a vharles of and dependent on the carles of regionally informed planning practice, but it is distinct from the genealogy in a couple of ways. The genealogy of Geddes, MacKaye, and even McHarg, and other Anglo-Scottish, regionally-informed planning practitioners, produced a world view that has been quite important to the formation of landscape architecture, landscape planning, and landscape urbanism.

Where we differ is that they tended landsdape be too invested in geological determinism; that is, either through empirical observation or by way of an evangelical zeal, urbanism was meant to be an expression of geological determinants, in the moralizing sense of McHarg used it.

I think those lines of regional planning overstated the centrality of production and distribution of material resources, and they missed entirely the rise of consumption. They also take production to be consumption, shortening transit to the closest available market and expecting stable production cycles.

That or they take them as a negative. Landsscape find much of the cultural disposition of landscape architecture, in its western origins, in Europe and North America; presume geological determinism as a default condition or as a desirable condition.

I have enormous respect for the work of Geddes, MacKaye, and especially McHarg, particularly his desire to articulate ecology in service of planning. But unlike McHarg, our condition today is that while we have an abundance of ecological and scientific knowledge to inform planning, we seem to lack the political and economic models to plan our cities with that knowledge.

McHarg and many of his modernist colleagues missed the rise of consumer markets, the political backlash against top-down planning, and the decentralization of decisions about urbanization. Streamlines by Stoss LU. Well, let me weave back a bit to the German context. How do you see that model transferring to the privatized Anglo-American context?

Landscape urbanism in America was stimulated in part by interest in brownfield sites, declines in industry, abandoned territory, and, in my own work, in places like Detroit and trying to come up with a model that could account for its de-development.

We were really pleased that the Graham Foundation for Advanced Studies in the Fine Arts, in Chicago, funded that research on Detroit, but it was a tiny privately financed philanthropic undertaking. It was only when the German wxldheim government and Cultural Ministry funded Shrinking Cities from a very high level that it began to have more traction as a research topic and a potential site of praxis.

The topic was always there, but the availability of this information, its dissemination, and the perception of its utility was changed dramatically by this funding and sponsorship.

I think that one of the reasons the Germans took it up so explicitly was its applicability to issues and relevant challenges they were facing East German de-densification. You can court anyone, anywhere, as long as they can understand the conceptual contributions made by these various lines of research and researchers?

Well, there is a distinction to be made between research, the production of knowledge, and the making of projects. And so when you look at the exemplars of hcarles and decay—cities like Detroit—what you see are a series of private decisions being made that aggregate spatially.

In that space, the public sectors and the universities have an important role to play. Having said that, I think private capital wladheim private housing are likely to continue to be the dominant forces in growing cities. Look at the recent landscape urbanist projects in New York and Toronto for example. They tend to depend on robust population growth and demand for housing and upon fairly well developed capital markets; and they tend to be a combination of private development, brownfield remediation, and some form of political leadership.

So how do you see landscape urbanism working in something like a Chinese context [of centralized governance and massive state funding for development], as opposed to the aggregate and distributed agency found within growing US and European contexts? I would say that much of the North American work has been at the scale of the remediation project—not quite a district scale—and this awldheim a certain size and scale to the typology.

Landscape as Urbanism – Charles Waldheim Outlines the General Theory

But I think outside Shenzhen, across China there are many interesting examples of attempts to develop a model of urbanism in which ecological function and health can be embedded in or more integrated within the shape of the city, in spite of the enormous environmental, human rights, and political challenges that they continue to face. Are there scales, particular materialities, or particular quantities or qualities you see each of these disciplines addressing?

Over the long view, most innovations or paradigm shifts within urbanism tend to address a set of questions, a set of scales, a set of urhanism or methods particular to the place that they are responding to and, as a result, often end up working at very different scales.

So the origins of landscape urbanism, in landscape planning in the s—coming out of regional planning, coming out of landscape architecture—led to questioning which scale is operative. Look at planning today as it operates in the context of China, at the particular scale where it seeks to be broadly synthetic and more inclusive.

Urban design, as opposed urbansim planning, as it emerged in the s and s here at Harvard, emerged to deal with the large project or the singular institution and its growth in the context of urban fabric.

The European city under post-war reconstruction was one of its central topics, and so urban design and planning are different scales. Landscape urbanism starts with a formal analysis that is informed by the regional history of ecological planning, analyzing the scale of the watershed, and the particular scale of the ecological system.

However, the scale of intervention is different, and this is where landscape urbanism differs from regional landscape planning. So, while landscape urbanism urnanism the region or the valley section or the watershed, it takes that knowledge and applies it at the scale of the large building project—its sites of intervention.

An Interview With Charles Waldheim: Landscape Urbanism Now | Scenario Journal

These tend to be the sites that are available in economic and industrial transformation—which in the North American and European context tend to be sites that are smaller than the city, but at their largest can become a district. Landsscape our economic structure tends not to produce comprehensive planning. All differences aside, this is a generalization—especially in North American and European contexts where urbanization tends to be planned and regulated to some level—but [landscape urbanism] is really project-driven, and therefore tends to occupy and develop sites that become available through an economic transition from industrial to post-industrial.

And that can be slightly confusing at times, given the heritage of regional planning and study of regional ecology—but intervening in the system need not occur at the scale of the entire system or the entire city.

And how wzldheim you differentiate an infrastructural charoes from landscape urbanism? Do you see them as parallel? In the course of the last fifteen years, landscape urbanism has come to be relevant in a number of different contexts.

Laandscape think it has become clear now that it is a body of practice, a set of strategies for doing work, and a way of thinking. It would be fair to say that ecological urbanism aspires to a broader conceptual approach wwaldheim a range of questions about the city from sustainability through architecture and design at various scales.

I think what we have now is emerging through the umbrella of ecological urbanism which extends from the olfactory sensations and sense of the city to an understanding of energy and ecological flows. Ecological urbanism is a logical extension of landscape urbanism; it is the same project, rendered through more precise terms. A part of what ecological urbanism does is expand the palette of precedents beyond landscape architecture to embrace the phenomenological and experiential sense of the city all the way to sustainability at the scale of architecture.

Meg Studer is a designer, researcher, and visualization dilettante see Siteations whose work focuses on two strains of infrastructural thought. A version of the is project is forthcoming on this site. She is currently an associate at Stoss Landscape Urbanismwhere she co-leads animation, research, and production teams on projects as xharles as planning Detroit shrinkage to designing Flanders interpretive routes.

Charles Waldheim is the John E. His teaching and research examine the relationships between landscape and contemporary urbanism. Read his complete bio here. Random House, Landscapes of Energy, charled. Stephen Ramos and Neyran Turan. Click lanxscape share on Facebook Opens in new window Click to share on Twitter Opens in new window Click to email this to a friend Opens in new window Click to share on Reddit Opens in new window. More from this issue Introduction: Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email.


The name Kushanku refers to the name of the Chinese diplomat from Fukien who is believed to have traveled to Okinawa and taught his system of fighting there.

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For full details visit https: It is a physically demanding and visually impressive form when performed correctly and it is one of the most popular kata in modern competition. As well as being a popular form with kata competitors, it also has a great deal to offer the practically minded karateka.

In this article we will briefly look at the history of the kata and examine some of the key concept relating to its application. The kata is a record of the combative techniques and concepts formulated by a Chinese martial artist who went by the name of Kushanku. This document details a ship running ashore in Oshima bay and includes interviews with the crew of that ship. In one of these interviews the captain of the ship tells of an extremely impressive grappling demonstration he witnessed that was given by Kushanku.

The interview tells us that Kushanku was not a physically strong man and yet he defeated much stronger opponents with ease. We are also told that his methods involved placing one hand on the opponent whilst striking with the other hand. Peichin Takahara is said to have seen Kushanku demonstrate his fighting prowess and was greatly impressed by him.

Takahara then encouraged Sakugawa to seek out instruction from Kushanku. Tode Sakugawa studied under Kushanku for a number of years and he eventually formulated Kushanku kata as a means to record the combative methods Kushanku had taught him.

Tode Sakugawa was the first martial arts teacher of the legendary Soken Matsumura; who was the chief bodyguard to three Okinawan kings.

Matsumura was in turn one of the teachers of Anko Itosu. Today, some karate styles practise both the lesser and greater versions of the form Kushanku-Dai and Kushanku-Sho ; whereas others only practise the main version. Itosu was also the creator of the five Pinan Heian kata, and it is obvious from their many similarities that Kushanku kata heavily influenced the development and the subject mater covered by the Pinan series.

Kushanku is one of the longest forms and it contains a wide variety of techniques.

There are no detailed written records of the techniques that Kushanku originally taught Sakugawa. We have the kata itself of course, but we have no definitive answer when we ask what the original applications of the form were. The applications of the form are therefore open to interpretation.

Wado-Ryu Kata – Kushanku

We can therefore confidently say that the kata contains plenty of grappling. Certainly my own breakdown of the form includes many throws, takedowns and locks. The use of one hand to control and locate the head whilst the other limb strikes it is most definitely a key methodology of old style karate. Essentially the non-striking arm has two jobs in kata. The first is to locate and control the head during the chaos of close range combat so that the accuracy of strikes is improved.

The second use of the non-striking limb is to clear obstructions i. Both methodologies can certainly be found within Kushanku kata. It is simply a case of analysing the kata from the correct perspective and in the correct way. Indeed, in many cases it is blindingly obvious how the motion of the kata is to be applied. And even where our interpretation may vary from the original then at least, if we approach the kata in the right way, we are ensuring we stay true to the original intent which was practical fighting methods for use in a civilian environment.

Indeed the active study of the kata as opposed to just practising them is something that all karateka should engage in. My own study of Kushanku has revealed strikes, traps, throws, takedowns, joint-locks, chokes, strangles, etc.

Kūsankū (kata) – Wikipedia

This flinch is presented in a very formal way in kata; as can be seen in the photograph of Gichin Funakoshi performing the opening motion of Kushanku kata Above. However, in combat the flinch will of course be instinctive and rough around the edges. It should always be remembered that kata is a record of information and as such it can be compared to a collection of recipes. Similarly, the kata gives us the information needed to fight and this information is presented in a formal way.

However, we should never mistake the formal instructions for the actual fighting skills those instructions are supposed to develop. The kata is always formal and precise. The live application of the kata in the chaos of combat will be far from formal and precise!

Kata tells us what methodologies we should drill and take into our live training. The solo kata should never be considered as an alternative to, or substitute for, that live practise. Sadly, that is a very common misunderstanding about the purpose and nature of kata. It seems to me that the opening movements of Kushanku kata deals with the opening stages of the actual fight. The other movements toward the start of the form are also quite easy to apply. Certainly my own interpretation has the more physically and technically demanding techniques in actual application, not solo performance towards the end of the kata, and the simplest and most immediate techniques towards the start.

Kushanku / Kanku / Kosokun | Iain Abernethy

The final technique of the oata records a rather advanced throwing technique that requires good timing and a good degree of physical strength.

Throughout the martial arts, it is common to kushannku the simplest techniques first, and teach the techniques that require a better understanding of the basics later on. Kushanku kata contains many throws and takedowns.

Again, we have no way of knowing for certain, but the idea is certainly worthy of consideration. The last three moves of the form see the practitioner step around with their left leg Figure 1assume a low stance as the arms are pulled kuahanku Figure 2and then straighten the legs as the arms are brought upwards Figure 3.

The application of this sequence is as follows. At this point kushankj legs should be bent, and your spine should be straight Figure 5. Straighten your legs to lift the opponent into the air. You can then dump the opponent onto the floor in whatever direction is appropriate Figure 6. As motioned previously, there are numerous throws recorded in Kushanku kata i.

The kata starts by working with our instinctive reactions and steadily progresses through more technically demanding methodologies. Kushanku Kanku-Dai is frequently said to be one of the most important forms practised within the various karate styles. History tells us kushsnku the kata is a record of the highly effective techniques that were designed by Kushanku and then subsequently recorded by Tode Sakugawa.

It is a very important kata and as such it deserves kushanmu be studied deeply. Skip to main content. You are here Home.

On 13 Apr, By manager. More Articles by Iain Abernethy. Lack of variety in shotokan kata Sip Su Application? Not for power generation Rolling with strikes. Movement drills we worked on today. There are currently 2 users online. Create new account Request new password.


In Biohazard, Dr. Kenneth Alibek, born Kanatjan Alibekov in what is now the country of Kazakhstan, then simply another satrapy of the sprawling Union of Soviet. biohazard Ken Alibek Biological Warfare of world war two. Anthrax. Smallpox. Incurable and horrifying Ebola-related fevers. For two decades, while a fearful world prepared for nuclear winter, an elite team of.

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Want to Read Currently Reading Read. Refresh and try again. Open Preview See a Problem? Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page. Preview — Biohazard by Ken Alibek. Incurable and horrifying Ebola-related fevers. For two decades, while a fearful world prepared for nuclear winter, an elite team of Russian bioweaponeers began to till a new killing field: Biohazard is the never-before-t Anthrax.

And in a chilling work of real-world intrigue, Biohazard offers us all a rare glimpse into a shadowy scientific underworld where doctors manufacture mass destruction, where witnesses to errors are silenced forever, and where ground biohazarf is closer than we ever dared believe. Paperbackpages. Published April 11th by Delta first published January 1st To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. To ask other readers questions about Biohazardplease sign up.

Biohazard (book) – Wikipedia

A,ibek with This Book. Jan 19, Brian rated it liked it Shelves: The most frightening aspects about the horrible pathogens he helped develop in the Soviet Union’s bioweapons program alibei in fact quite believable.

What I don’t quite accept are Alibekov’s explanations for his involvement in the program. He suggests that he initially had misgivings about developing biological weapons at the start of his career.

He quickly forgot those concerns out of a sense of patriotism toward the Soviet Union, and the fact that only weapons-related scientific research was well funded in the cold war-era USSR. That I can understand, however I don’t quite believe his assertion that before emigrating to the United States, he rediscovered the “medical oath” he had betrayed for decades. It’s apparent that he only considered leaving Biopreparat when it appeared the program was going to be exposed to international condemnation, and he only considered leaving Russia when his bikhazard personal safety and job security were threatened.

I don’t believe that he took these actions entirely based on an idealistic notion of self sacrifice to a greater good. In addition, Alibekov distinctly under-emphasizes the United States’ involvement alibem bioweapons research. This would be completely understandable assuming that he considers the US to be his new benefactors. The sense of purity and transparency he attributes to the United States sounds more than a little suspicious given his perspective.

View all 3 comments. Required reading for any person living on this planet that breathes. Yes, it’s that well written. This book will scare the livin’ alibem out of you. For anyone living under the illusion that the world is a super safe place and that our governments are biohazadr Required reading for any person living on this planet that breathes. For anyone living under the illusion that the world is a super safe place and that our governments are doing everything they can to keep us safe.

This book will open your eyes to the reality of the real world. The diseases that they spliced together will leave me with nightmares for the alibel of my life. The end is near.

Jul 30, Heather rated it really liked it. The world can be a scary place and this book definitely supports that idea.

We’ve heard a lot about chemical warfare and weapons of mass destruction; here is the book that tells you all about what Russia Soviet Union was experimenting with throughout the 80s and 90s. It’s terrifying because it wasn’t that long ago that they were amassing a ridiculous amount of biochemical weapons. With the eventual break down of the Soviet Union, scientists were without jobs and income and left or were recrui The world can be a scary place and this book definitely supports that idea.

With the eventual break down of the Soviet Union, scientists were without jobs and income and left or were recruited to work in other regions of the world Syria, North Korea, Iraq, Iran, Cuba. It’s not surprising that other regions have since become rising threats. This was a very interesting but also scary first hand account of the political and scientific events in the Soviet Union that have had a great impact on the world today.

Granted this book was published in so it is a little overwhelming to think about how much worse it probably is now. Jan 25, Matt rated it really liked it Shelves: To be clear from the start, the book was written in late The Nook version of it claimed to be published in March,but the author obviously finished this book inbased on his “predictions” for That being said, the book dealt with the early career of Ken Alibek the American name of the Soviet scientist Kanatjan Alibekov while he was still a scientist employed in the bioweapons program of the Soviet Union, so even though the book was published in the late ’90s, it still fu To be clear from the start, the book was written in late That being said, the book dealt with the early career of Ken Alibek the American name of the Soviet scientist Kanatjan Alibekov while he was still a scientist employed in the bioweapons program of the Soviet Union, so even though the book was published in the late ’90s, it still fulfills its purpose.

This book combines several of my favorite topics – history, military, espionage, and secret warfare. For this reason, I thoroughly enjoyed the book for the incredible amount of information it contained. Obviously, the topics I mentioned aren’t known to be incredibly high octane, so don’t expect the kind of action in a Tom Clancy novel that would cover the same topics.

However, this book illustrates how “truth is stranger than fiction” and how truth can also maintain a “fast” pace of reading. The author wrote this book as an autobiography and does a good job at maintaining an interesting and readable style. I was able to read this book as fast as or faster than some novels. As I mentioned, though the material is about 15 yrs. Mar 08, Brooke rated it it was amazing. Alibek uncovers the world of the USSR bioengineering and production of deadly weapons used in biowarfare.

During the Cold War, during the reckoning of weapons of mass destruction, Former Soviet Union took an extreme interest in not only nuclear weaponry, but biological, and Alibek gives a detailed account about the horrifyingly real world he walked through.

There is not a doubt in my mind that everything here happened. Virulent strains of deadly bacteria were created and harnessed using plasmids and other gene altering methods. To think that that all of our advances in GMO’s and vaccinations started with mankind’s desires to kill each other with weapons of mass destruction seems disturbingly realistic after reading this book.

I’ve personally mutated the genetic material of numerous organisms and know that Alibek’s account is tangible. I urge those who thinks the Soviet’s involvement in biological weapons as fraudulent to read this book. Biohazard was one of those books that you wished was fiction. Who better to tell the true account of the Soviet Bio-Weapons program than the man who ran it? This awesome book not only explains the history of the Soviet Union, their disgraceful weapons program, but also a change of heart if the man behind it.

Sworn to “do no harm” Alibekov quickly betrays this oath as a patriot without morals. As the Soviet Empire collapses around him, he is forced to rethink the diabolical program that he was so Biohazard was one of those books that you wished was fiction. As the Soviet Empire collapses around him, he is forced to rethink the diabolical program that he was so proud of.

The morals of the story are endless as you hear about the dangers and waste of big government, blind patriotism, and socialism. The grim world of the Cold War is told perfectly in this book.

Sep 19, Yibbie rated it liked it Shelves: This is an interesting, fast-paced read. The style is conversational, and it avoids being too technical. Every once in a while, it starts getting bogged down by political biohaaard details and maneuverings.

Then he throws in more details about some super weapon they were working on, and the pace picks back up. Do I believe it? How much do you believe the personal account of a man who spent giohazard whole life directing a bioweapons program?

So three stars for a well-written book that I’m not sure I believe. It was interesting though, and very clean.

biohazard alibek Biological Warfare world war two

I remember only one curse word. Apr 15, loupgarous rated it really liked it.

Kenneth Alibek, born Kanatjan Alibekov buohazard what is now the country of Kazakhstan, then simply another satrapy of the sprawling Union of Alobek Socialist Republics, shares the incredible story of his work in what is perhaps the best-kept secret of the twentieth century – Biopreparat, the mammoth chain of state-of-the-art biological weapon development and production plants, mostly built AFTER Leonid Brezhnev solemnly stood beside the President of the United States and the Prime Mi In Biohazard, Dr.

Kenneth Alibek, born Kanatjan Alibekov in what is now the country of Kazakhstan, then simply another satrapy of the sprawling Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, shares the incredible story of his work in what is perhaps the best-kept secret of the twentieth century – Biopreparat, the mammoth chain of state-of-the-art biological weapon development and production plants, mostly built AFTER Leonid Brezhnev solemnly stood beside the President of the United States and the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and told the world that the Soviet Union would never make or use biological weapons again.

In the years since then, Alibek tells us how the Soviets not only developed newer and deadlier germs than had ever existed before but under the authority of no less a man than Mikhail Gorbachev filled the warheads of ICBMs with those foul brews and pointed them at the very United States for whom he publicly expressed such friendship. It was not until Brezhnev and his Communist empire were both dead and his signature on the biological weapons treaty almost twenty-five years dry that Russia totally got laibek of that business Frankly, Ken Alibek’s book is adequately written, well enough to not actually be unpleasant to read, but not outstandingly so.

Its great value is in the unique knowledge Alibek shares with us. Picking up a copy of “Biohazard” and reading it allows Alibek to throw the doors of secrecy open over one of the deadliest human enterprises ever and show us things so awful that until Americans actually started getting anthrax in the mail, we preferred to simply pretend that they didn’t exist.

Alibek’s book tells us how this came to be in the first place, how a bacillus so fragile that it shrivels and dies within minutes in sunlight has been turned into a weapon that has terrified a nation, while the people who made it worked in secrecy so absolute that some of the most knowledgeable scientists on biological warfare in the United States publicly scoffed at the idea that alibeo Soviets could be brewing up tons and tons of deadly germs for over twenty years.

In Matthew Meselson’s case, the scoffing went all the way to what can only be described as a whitewash over clear evidence the Russians had had a deadly accident with weaponized anthrax in the city of Sverdlovsk, and only he knows why he did it.

He only redacted his public assessment of that incident, which killed dozens of innocent Russians who worked and lived near the plant, when the Wall Street Journal’s Moscow bureau chief Peter Gumbel revealed in that many of the alibdk assurances from the Soviets that Meselson repeated to the West as fact were in fact made up from whole cloth, including the non-existent “slaughterhouse” which was supposedly the focus of the anthrax outbreak.

There are actually two horror stories in “Biohazard” – the diseases are horrible enough, but the idea of a multi-billion dollar effort operating undetected, almost unsuspected, for twenty years is even worse We might find out the hard biohazarrd.

Just the sheer information in “Biohazard” earns four stars. Alibek did in Biopreparat, he did in the sincere belief that he was defending his country.


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Genetics: From Genes to Genomes, 5th Edition by Leland Hartwell and Michael Goldberg and Janice Fischer and Leroy Hood and Charles (Chip) Aquadro. Genetics: From Genes to Genomes, 6th Edition by Leland Hartwell and Michael Goldberg and Janice Fischer and Leroy Hood () Preview the. Genetics has ratings and 10 reviews. Preston said: For those looking for a broad yet deep introduction to genetics in a single book, Genetics: From.

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What are my shipping options? The estimated amount of genstica this product will be on the market is based on a number of factors, including faculty input to instructional design and the prior revision cycle and updates to academic research-which typically results in a revision cycle ranging from every two to four years for this product.

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This reference is one of the key references of the Church of Scientology and is often OSA training checksheet notes the KSW doctrine is a required element. Proving that she’s no slouch in the “Keeping Scientology Working” department, and not one to play second fiddle to Tom Cruise, Kirstie Alley. Looking it up, I found that “Keeping Scientology Working” refers to policy The problem with “KSW”, is that what it really means is “The CoS’s.

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Fuzzy-search a name in Kristi Xcientology database of names: All of them, those in power, and those who want the power, would pamper us, if we agreed to overlook their crookedness by wilfully restricting our activities. These pages and their author are not connected with the Church of Scientology or RTC, or any other organization residing under their corporate scientoloogy. Since the Form and all attached statements are open to public scrutiny, you can now see the KSW policy letter in its entirety as part of “Chaplain Mini Hat” course here: Keeping Scientology Working Series 1 2.

Keeping Scientology Working Series 5R 2. It is there to inculcate reverence to Hubbard as the “Source” of Scientology, and to show kaw crucial role of the Scientologist’s mission on Earth. If they’re going to quit let them quit fast. If they enrolled, they’re aboard, and if they’re aboard, they’re here on the same terms as the rest of us—win or die in the attempt.

Never let them be half-minded about being Scientologists. John McGuigan January Fair Game, Sxientology and the Scriptures”. In Scientology, you cannot challenge the word of Hubbard and expect to remain a member in good standing for long.

There’s nothing whatsoever in Hubbard’s writings and recorded lectures that a Scientologist can maintain even the most minor dispute. The Church considers that all disagreements with Hubbard doctrine come from some lack in understanding of the inviolable truths contained in the material.

The only option a student has to reconcile a contrary view is to keep restudying the particular area in dispute until the misunderstanding is “cleared up. Ron Hubbard – What Are They? The Watchman Expositor The Wittenburg Door July Are we Clear on This? Affidavit of Jesse Prince 20 August Affidavit of Roxanne Friend 6 December One of interesting the things Tom Cruise talks about in his online video is his complete and un-wavering faith in KSW: While in one sense, this is a very powerful, one-minded and un-distracted mindset to be in, on the other hand it is the embodiment of Scientology fundamentalism.

Inside Scientology there are a number of broadly known and often quoted Scientoloby Letters.


The most important is ” Keeping Scientology Working ,” where the Scientologist is sternly admonished to police the use of Scientology and ensure that there are scientplogy departures from Hubbard’s teachings. A list of ten points is given for the protection of “Standard Tech,” among them “hammering out of existence incorrect technology.

It is there to inculcate reverence to Hubbard as the “Source” of Scientologyand to show the crucial role of the Scientologist’s mission on Earth. Every course begins with the same Hubbard Policy Letter, Keeping Scientology Workingwhich establishes the infallibility of Hubbard’s so-called “technology. And I don’t see that popular measures, self-abnegation and democracy have done anything for man but push him further into the mud.

Currently, popularity endorses degraded novels, self-abnegation has filled the Southeast Asian jungles with stone idols and corpses, and democracy has given us inflation and income tax. Scientology is the only workable system man has. It has already taken people toward higher IQ, better lives and all that.

No other system has. So realize that it has no competitor. A set of wild card charges often used to set-up a church member for punishment, are violations of any ten points of the policy letter ” Keeping Scientology Working ” written by founder, L.

Scientologists at almost every turn in their training must read ” Keeping Scientology Working ” which includes “Having the correct technology” and “Hammering out of existence incorrect technology. In fact, Hubbard states in this policy letter that he alone came up with Scientology and “group efforts, one can safely assume, will not add to it or successfully alter it in the future.

Destructive mind-control groups vary in the scope and intensity of their attempts to control. Scientology is totalistic and goes “all out.

Keeping Scientology Working (KSW)

It’s a tough universe…. We’d rather have scientologyy dead than incapable. Scientology is built on denial. It isn’t like you go osw denial then. It’s built on denial from day one. You read a thing called Keeping Scientology Working. And Hubbard basically says you have to stay on this path. And if you get off of it, you could not only lose your freedom, but you could lose your freedom for eternity.

Life after life after life.

Submit documents to WikiLeaks

That’s a lot if you buy into that. That’s a big denial right there. Following the dogma of L. Ron Hubbard to the letter is the highest priority for a person practicing Scientology.

Ron Hubbard says “The proper instruction attitude is, ‘You’re here so you’re a Scientologist. Now we are going to make you into an expert auditor no matter what happens.

HCOPL: Keeping Scientology Working

While I was a Scientologist, at sicentology points where Scientoloty would have a thought negatively or critically about a church executive, the organization or the techniques used in Scientology, I would have to squash these thoughts since if I shared them I would be subject to expensive auditing or other disciplinary actions or projects.

This is another aspect of the way Scientology controls the thoughts of its constituents. You are trained to only allow certain thoughts or it will cost you time, money and your pride since you will be punished for thinking thoughts that the organization does not want you to think.

For example, you are considered and labeled a criminal if you are caught not ” keeping Scientology working ” and many people were continually indoctrinated into that concept including myself by being scidntology to take a ” Keeping Scientology Working ” course under threat of being kicked out.


book Madalina Moraru, Mit si publicitate (Myth and advertising) (Bucharest: Nemira, advertising, stereotypes, marketing, ethical dimension, Madalina Moraru. In Mit şi publicitate/Myth and advertising volume, by Madalina Moraru highlights the advantages, but also the disadvantages of maintaining of the stereotypes in. Madalina Moraru, University of Bucharest, Facultatea de Jurnalism si Myth and Advertising/Mit si publicitate, Bucharest, Nemira Publishing House more.

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Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Add Social Profiles Facebook, Twitter, etc. This paper aims to draw a connection between certain mythical aspects and campaigns for alcoholic drinks by discovering archetypes related to primordial creation.

Acta Universitatis Danubius. Communicatio, Vol 9, No 1 (2015)

For this reason, the study analyzed TV commercials for a wide range of For this reason, the study analyzed TV commercials for a wide range of alcoholic drinks, focusing on the specific context of their creation as reflected by the scripts. This research reveals that the production process of any drink may be associated with the story of Genesis, because beverages make use of similar material and immaterial archetypes of creation, although within the advertising realm.

Their advertising purpose is profane, but the brand image becomes sacred by developing the myth of eternal return to the time of Genesis. Social and Cultural Anthropology. Archetypes and Patterns and Advertising and Branding. Transition from Communism to Democracy in Romanian Advertising more. Communism was one of the most powerful social philosophies of the past century.

In Eastern-European countries, it established a different type of globalization based on similar lifestyles and political systems. Everything functioned as in Everything functioned as in a factory, based on the same regulations, constantly estranged from the capitalist world, mostly characterized by freedom of choice, variety, autonomy, media and business.

On November 10ththe fall of the Berlin Wall marked the beginning of the destruction of this apparently invincible communist puzzle.

Mit Si Publicitate de Madalina Moraru – Free Download PDF

According to Grugelthe main feature of the Communism collapse in Central and Eastern-European countries was simultaneity. In a sense, Central and Eastern European countries reacted similarly to this transition from an authoritarian, dictatorial system to a democratic one, but they proceeded to adapt differently to the Western mentality. Even today, this political situation is far from stable, as citizens of formerly communist countries need time to learn to live and work differently, after publicitatte many years of monopoly.

Reshaping American Identity through Advertising. Advertising and Globalization and Glocalization. Medieval History, Modern Mythistory. By Gary Dickson more. European Legacy-toward New Paradigms.

Philosophy and Historical Studies. AdvertisingStorytellingand Storyteller. The mithycal dimension of the advertising discourse-thesis abstract more. Our present research compared the ways several important brands on the Romanian market have promoted their values before and after by using TV and online channels of communication. Inthe Romanian Audio-visual Emergency Inthe Romanian Audio-visual Emergency Ordinance 25 was passed to regulate a prior decision of The main goal of Law 25 was to limit the involvement of the advertising industry in establishing and negotiating media contracts on behalf of clients.

Our main hypothesis led us to a straightforward conclusion: Representations of Elderly People in Romanian Advertising more. The present paper intends to illustrate the way the publifitate of the elderly in advertising has been conveyed during the last 25 years, after the fall of Communism in Romania. Ageing became a real issue in Romania, because there is a huge gap Besides, this social category is not adaptable to changes and approaches technology in a range of different ways.

Considering this context, this paper aims to discover how elderly people accept novelty, information and communication technology in a country with an ageing population. The purpose is to reveal several profiles of ageing in contact with technology, based on the selected sample of advertisements. The main hypothesis is that elderly people step beyond age borders only under certain circumstances they are very interested in the product or when they are deeply influenced by young people.

Consequently, the study investigates this problem by using content analysis applied to a sample of approximately advertisements running on television on the Romanian market for global and local brands.

The most relvant categories for this study are electronics, cell-phones, and computers. In conclusion, ageing was not completely ignored in Romanian advertising, but its perception has different perspectives. Cultural History and Advertising and Branding.

Local Identity on Facebook Platform: This paper aims to present the way a European food retailer came closer to the Romanian target by delivering a campaign entitled Romanian Flavours mostly in the online environment and in Mega Image stores. The campaign consists in The campaign consists in promoting local products under the brand Romanian Flavors, well-known on the market ever since Even if the retailer particularly commercializes Delhaize products, this campaign was meant to create a traditional atmosphere, gain customers’ trust and make a difference between the global and madaoina market.

Advertising and Marketing Communications. In the beginning of the social media era, the relationship between online and offline advertising was competitive in terms of efficiency and target appeal. Accordingly, account planners and copywriters started to organize campaigns on Accordingly, account planners and copywriters started to organize campaigns on both levels, adjusting the promotional message according to each channel. Mobile phone brands were among the first to adopt this strategy.

This happened because, their services were addressed to various demographics and efficient communication engages consumers in virtual communities. Moreover, the mobile phone category requires frequent updates and the most effective way to understand consumer behavior is to pursue pubpicitate daily.

Our research aims to analyze the online communication of four important mobile phone brands from ,it countries: We investigated their online campaigns and brand activities between and focusing on their use of the social platform Facebook.

Facebook, advertising, mobile phones, consumers. Romanian advertising tried to recover the political gap it was left behind Europe after the Communist eraand accomplished this by means of importing external models and reconstructing the image of old surviving brands. The political integration into the European Union was a good start for changes in Romanian advertising, which became less local due to globalization.

The difference between global and local features depends on the consumer, whose publicitte and experience demand specific values.

Given this image madqlina, Romanian commercials may be easily classified as traditional commercials, imported models and a mixture of both resembling to a metaphorical centaur. Obviously, globalization appropriates the last two types, based on building some common brand image patterns and their creative strategy.

The present research focuses on identifying local features in order to make a comparison with the global characteristics. The research method will be the content analysis applied on a sample of commercials of brands belonging to the following categories: The results of this study will be representative for the quantitative and qualitative approach. European identity cultural, linguistic and political identitypositioning strategy for example, the one based on time is, specific to traditional commercialsbrand identity.

Our main hypothesis is to identify the European impact on Romanian advertising, and we will support it by analyzing different brands international and local belonging to the same product categories. Thus, similarities and distinctions will be more obvious, justifying the contamination of local values by European features.

Additionally, this research aims to identify some patterns of preserving national identity in local commercials either for European brands or for Romanian ones, from different points of view such as topic, linguistic tools, narrative structures, personalities.

At the end of this study, we will focus on the advantages and disadvantages of creating a chameleonic identity for the brands by importing external values. The main challenge of this research is to prove that national identity has been equally developed in commercials broadcast not only for local brands, but for global brands as well, due to consumer needs and insight.

Moreover, another issue this study is going to answer to regards the way European brands are perceived by consumers in local commercials on the Romanian market. Establishing the relationship between European and Romanian advertising implies answering the following questions: Do European brands emphasize the values of their country of origin, or are they similar to other global brands? Can we really talk about a Romanian identity in this context of assimilation of European values and lifestyles?

European StudiesBrandingand Advertising and Branding. Remember me on this computer. Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link. Click here to sign up. Help Center Find new research papers in:


soebandrio – kesaksianku tentang G30S. 2 likes. Book. Dr. Soebandrio, Kesaksianku tentang G30S. Juni 15, oleh leinad Post- Suharto deposed from power, as ruler of the New Order, which controls the. [] [] Subandrio. Kesaksianku tentang GS. Jakarta: n.p., [07 1 3] Sulistyo, Hermawan. Palu arit di ladang tebu. Sejarah pembantaian massal.

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zr – read user manual online or download in PDF format. Pages in total: Instruction manual | Canon zr Instruction manual. 0_ZR10_cover 00/3/10 31 Page 1 (2,1) DIGITAL VIDEO CAMCORDER ENGLISH Instruction Manual E. Camera manuals and free digital camera pdf instructions. Find the user manual you need for your camera and more at ManualsOnline. Canon zr

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If such changes or modifications should be made, you could be required to stop operation of the equipment.

Read Instructions — All the safety and operating instructions should be read before the product is operated. Replacement Parts — When replacement parts are required, be sure the service technician has used replacement parts that are specified by Canon or that have the same cznon as the original part.

Unauthorized substitutions may result in fire, electric shock or other hazards. Its advanced technology makes it very easy to use — you will soon be making high-quality videos which will give you pleasure for years to come.

It should have enough power for you to check that your camera is working properly. However, you must charge the battery pack fully if you want it to power the camera for more than a few minutes.

Subject to change without notice.

When replacement of power supply is required, please return it to the responsible nearest Canon Manua, Center and please replace it with the same type number CA or equivalent. The Adapter can be used with a power supply between and V AC.

For areas where V AC power is not used, you will need a special plug adapter. Charge the BP Series battery packs with power from your car battery.

Canon Camcorder zr User Guide |

Canoj the camera with power from your car battery. Make sure that you have attached a power source. You can also control the speed of zooming: This automatically switches the LCD screen on and the viewfinder off.

However, small black dots or bright points of light red, blue or green may appear constantly on the LCD screen. This is not a malfunction of the LCD screen and they are not recorded on the tape.

The viewfinder is also activated when the panel is in this position. The built-in speaker is monaural; use headphones for stereo sound. To resume normal playback, press it again, or press manjal e play button.

Fast forward playback To play back the recording at about 9. Press and hold to play back continuous frame advance. You will need to attach a power source to the camera Power off all devices before starting the connections. Connect the white plug to the white audio terminal L manjal. Connect the red plug to the red audio terminal R right.

Canon zr10. Camcorder User Manual

If necessary support the camera with your left hand. With practice, you will be able to operate the controls by touch, without taking your eye off the action. A good way to tell a story with video is to begin with a long shot that establishes the situation, and then move in with medium shots and close-ups to show the details. Availability of items in the menus depends on the mode the camera is set to.

Unavailable items appear in purple.

There are two main menus: There are manuxl functions that cannot be operated without the wireless controller: The wireless controller and the camera have to be set to the same mode in order to be compatible. Make sure the camera and mannual wireless controller are both set to the same mode. Press the selector dial in. If you are at another time zone, select your time zone first and daylight saving time DST setting if necessary. Set the camera to record pause mode. During this time the camera also records the sound, and the display shows the still picture.

During record pause mode 1. F disappears from the display. Connect the power sources for the camera and the FR They use different combinations of camera settings in order to adjust the exposure and other functions to match the recording situation.

Slide the program selector to Q program AE mode. Push the selector dial in to display the program menu. Turn the selector dial to move the arrow up or down the display. The camera will take care of focus, exposure and other adjustments, canob you free to point and shoot.

The exposure is automatically adjusted for glare-free recordings of subjects lit by a manuql light source. Not available Page 52 1,1. When you stop recording, it gradually fades out. Vertical Wipe WIPE When you start recording, the picture begins as a thin vertical line in the center of the screen which gradually expands sideways until zr01 fills the whole of the screen. Pressing the correspond to turning the selector dial up and down, and manusl the SET button corresponds to pressing the selector dial in.

Operating faders Sound and image fade together.

Page 90 of Canon Camcorder zr User Guide |

When operating effects while recording, make sure the program selector is set to Set effect 1. Move the arrow up and down with the selector dial.

Wind screen The camera has an automatic wind screen to prevent wind noise from interfering with the sound track. The camcorder takes the picture for approximately six seconds then automatically goes into record pause mode. To lock the exposure, press the EXP button. Press it again to return to auto exposure. LOCK in the display. Push the EXP button so that e appears before E. Then you can adjust the exposure manually. All you have to do is point it, and whatever is in the center of the display will usually be in sharp focus.

If it does not seem to be focusing well, it may be because the subject is not suitable for autofocus. Although slight variations are unavoidable, colors will appear natural in virtually every situation. In some cases, you will get better results by setting the white balance yourself, or using one of the two preset modes It also appears for six seconds when you start playback and have the data code turned off.

Connect the camera to the VCR. Side with arrow Preparations 1. Connect the camera and the other digital device. Prepare the other device.

Example dubbing to the camera 1. Find a point on your recorded cassette slightly before the section you want to copy and set it to playback pause mode.

Original video and audio will be replaced with the new video and audio. If there are non-recorded portions or portions recorded in LP mode on the tape, recording will stop.

On the VCR, locate a point three seconds before the scene to be inserted. Set the VCR to playback pause mode. On the camera, press PLAY and locate the recording start point. Set the camera to playback pause mode. The original sound will not be erased.

For best results, add sound to tapes that have been recorded with this camera in SP mode with bit sound. Dubbing Use the wireless controller when dubbing audio. Extend the viewfinder straight out, then adjust the viewfinder focusing lever to suit your eyesight. The light is concentrated by the viewfinder lens. Adjust the angle of the viewfinder to prevent sunlight from entering. The power indicator light also flashes. Page 88 1,1 BP 1 hr.

Unlike a conventional battery pack, it does not have to be fully discharged first. However, as the battery pack will naturally discharge itself over time, it is best to charge it the same day you plan to use it, or the day before. Click the cover back into place. This backup battery allows the camera to remember the date and time and other settings when main power source is removed.

Avoid sudden changes in temperature. Contact your Canon dealer for information about plug adapters for overseas use.

Using the camera while condensation is present can damage both the tape and the camera. Condensation may become a problem: When you take the camera from a cold place to a warm room When the camera is left in a humid room Possible explanations are given for each problem on the list — turn to the page numbers in parentheses for more information. In these situations, you will often get better results using manual focus about the same distance away, lock the focus, and then point the camera at your original, hard-to-focus subject.

The playback picture is rough with mosaic-like noise.