Abrasive jet machining (AJM) is one of the modern machining processes where high velocity jet of abrasives mixed with dehumidified pressurized gas is made. PDF | Abrasive jet machining (AJM) is a manufacturing technology based on erosion localization and intensification. AJM has a progressively. PDF | As Abrasive jet machining (AJM) is similar to sand blasting and effectively removes hard and brittle materials. AJM has been applied to rough working.

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Carrier gas pressure along with nozzle diameter determines final jet velocity and thus maxhining performance. Nozzle should be maintained periodically. Compressed air is then passed into the mixing chamber.

In AJM, usually circular hopper with gradual ajk is employed for continuously supplying fresh abrasive to the mixing chamber. Jain Allied Publishers Private Limited. Solar Collectors Solar energy solid mechanics Thermodynamics units wave energy.

Abrasive jet machining – Wikipedia

This article explains the construction and working of AJM listing its advantages, disadvantages and applications. Among the desired properties sufficient hardness, irregular shape, presence of sharp edges and good flow characteristics are abrasiv.

Higher SOD causes spreading of jet and thus its cross-sectional area increases with the sacrifice of jet velocity. Material is removed by fine abrasive particles, usually about 0.

Frequent changing of nozzle is associated with idle time during machining. Abrasive jet machining AJMalso known as abrasive micro-blastingpencil blasting and micro-abrasive blasting[1] is an abrasive blasting machining process that uses abrasives propelled by a high velocity gas to erode material from the workpiece.

Nozzles must be highly resistant to abrasion and are typically made of tungsten carbide or synthetic sapphire. AJM performance is usually assessed by analyzing three output responses, namely i material removal rate MRRii surface roughness and accuracy of machined feature, and iii nozzle life or nozzle abrrasive rate.

However, variation in size in the entire volume should be low otherwise estimation or assessment will not be accurate. Abrasive jet machining AJM is one of the modern machining processes where high velocity jet of abrasives mixed with dehumidified abrawive gas is made to impinge the work surface, which in turn removes material by mechanical erosion.


Before compressing, carrier gas is dehumidified properly as presence of steam can block pipelines. Retrieved from ” https: Typical frosted glass, it reduces abraslve. Abrasive jet machining can be applied for metal surface cleaning like removing oxide or corrosive layer from hard surface. Deflashing and trimming —Controlled abrasive jet machining can be utilized for removing flash to get desired clean product mafhining higher dimensional accuracy and tolerance as well as sumptuous appearance.

Process capability of abrasive jet machining Qjm Can u help me here? The basic unit is schematically shown in following Figure. Abrasive blasting Industrial processes Machining.

Abrasive jet machining is best suited for machining brittle and heat sensitive materials like glass, quartz, sapphire, ceramics etc, It is used for drilling holes, cutting slots, cleaning hard surfaces, deburring, polishing etc. Carrier gas pressure and its flow rate are two paramount factors that determine performance and machining capability.

Enter your email address: Abrasive particles cannot be reused.

On the other hand, fine abrasives reduce MRR but improve surface quality and accuracy. Smooth surface finish can be obtained. Size of abrasives also influences quality of cut as well abfasive material removal rate.

As an isentropic steady flow device, nozzle converts hydraulic energy pressure of the gas-abrasive mixture to the kinetic energy and thus high velocity jet is obtained. Different abrasives having a range of grit size can be utilized based on workpiece material and the operation it is intended to perform. Working principle of abrasive jet machining with sketch.

Nozzle used in abrasive jet machining Primary function of nozzle in abrasive jet machining is to convert pressure energy of the pressurized gas-abrasive mixture into kinetic energy in the form of high velocity jet. Representative image Engraving is the process of incising pattern, letter, art or design on a solid surface for decorative or artistic or formal purposes. Engraving —As an alternative to laser beam machining, abrasive jet machining can also be applied for incising purposes irrespective of chemical and electrical properties of work material.


This process is quite suitable for machining brittle, heat resistant and fragile materials like, glass, ceramic, germanium, mica etc. It also helps protecting workers from lung dieses caused by exposing into atmosphere containing excessive tiny abrasive dust. The depth of damage to the surface is very little. It is provided below the mixing chamber.

Abrasive Jet Machining – Process, Parameters, Equipment, MRR

What is the basic mechanism of material removal in AJM? Even the pans and The surface machined can have good finish by controlling the grain size mainly. A pressure gauge and a flow regulator are used to control the pressure and regulate the flow rate of the compressed air.

It consists of gas supply system compressorfilter, pressure regulator, mixing chamber, nozzle assembly and the work holding device. Basic purpose of carrier gas in abrasive jet machining is to accelerate fine abrasive particles by momentum transfer.

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Abrasive Jet Machining AJMalso known as micro-abrasive blasting, is a mechanical energy based unconventional machining process used to remove unwanted material from a given workpiece. It filters the gas before entering the compressor and mixing chamber.

These valves controls volume flow rate of carrier gas in order to maintain constant mixing ratio. It compresses the carrier gas to a pressure of 15 — machinkng. Effects of process parameters on AJM performance are discussed below. Cutting and drilling holes Apart from above main applications of AJM, it can also be utilized for cutting various shapes as well as for drilling holes.

A dust collecting chamber is a basic requirement to prevent atmospheric pollution to cause health hazards.