Descriptions and articles about the Crow Killer, scientifically known as Anamirta cocculus in the Encyclopedia of Life. Includes Overview; Comprehensive Desc. Woody climbers. Leaves alternate, x cm, broadly ovate, apex acute, base truncate, 5-ribbed, coriaceous; petiole cm long. Flowers unisexual. Common name: Fish Berry, Indian berry, Levant nut • Hindi: काकमारी Kakamari • Kannada: chiplothi, chippula kaayi, chipula koll.

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Breathing and the pulse become weak. It also irritates motor centres, either in the cerebrum or in the medulla and cord, producing in all vertebrates alternating epileptiform spasms, with periodic stoppage of the motions of the diaphragm and slowness of the pulse.

The fruits are an ingredient of many homeopathic formulations. Its wnamirta is the source of picrotoxina poisonous compound with stimulant properties. Views Read View source View history. For fish poison fresh or dry semi-ripe fruits with or without the fruit pulp are ground with shell-fish, shrimp or small crabs.

Journal of Natural Products. Retrieved from ” https: Coccuulus other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. Flower In panicles on old wood, cauliflorus, pendent; greenish-cream. Observation specific search options Observed during.

Anamirta cocculus

In any event, the source must be explicitly quoted. Inflorescence a panicle, cauliflorous, spreading or pendulous, cm long with lateral branches cm long, glabrous, bracteoles about 0. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. May be coccuuls to as or include habit, defined as the characteristic mode of growth or occurrence associated to its environment, particularly for plants.

Anamirta cocculus – Useful Tropical Plants

Seasonal migration and reproduction are usually treated separately. Life cycles are treated in the field for Life Cycle.


Describes biorhythms – those states or conditions characterised by regular repetition in time, whether on the scale of seconds, hours, days, or seasons.

This is done in order to reuse the bait and avoid contamination of the fish with the poison. Field tips Leaves shiny with tuft of hairs on the nerve axils. Or, Login with your user account:. Administration of picrotoxin via the vertebral artery decreased sinus rate and increased circulating levels of vasopressin. Thiruvananthapuram District harbours more than 1, medicinal plants of which plants are hosts Encyclopedia of Life EOL. In view of its large geographical distribution and its occurrence in a wide range of habitats it is unlikely that A.

D,Biodiversity Cocculus for Kerala Part 6: Pollination is probably effected by insects which are attracted by the scent of the flowers. Powered by the open source Biodiversity Informatics Platform. User specific anamirtaa options User.

Best supported on Google Chrome, Firefox 3. Moist deciduous and evergreen forests, also sacred groves in the plains. Renu, Sanjana Julias Thilakar, D. On the other hand, picrotoxinin specifically binds to the same barbiturate site, but blocks the opening of the chloride channel.

Duke September 26, They were known to the physicians of the Arabic schools from the tenth century, and in the following centuries passed on to Europe, obtaining the name “cocci orientalis”. Document specific search options Title. Furthermore, the fruits contain the isoquinoline alkaloids menispermine, paramenispermine, anwmirta, stephorine, berberine, palmatine and l,8-oxotetrahydropalmatine.

The seed, when taken internally, is a powerful poison for all vertebrates affecting the central nervous system, stimulating the motor and inhibitory centres in the medulla, especially the respiratory and vagus centres, acting on the heart and respiration.


Useful Plant Species with Toxic Substance. This page was last modified on 11 Marchat Commercial Organic Analysis – Vol. Due to their extremely narrow safety limits and variable outcome, however, they will never be used in general medical practice.

The wood of the plant is used for fuel and carving. In the Philippines, an infusion of the roots of A. Fibre from the stem used to make ropes for house construction. The dried fruits constitute the drug known as “cocculus” or “cocculus indicus”. All articles with anakirta external links Articles with dead external links from July Articles with permanently coccu,us external links Articles with ‘species’ microformats Articles containing Marathi-language text Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms.

Retrieved from ” https: Natural History Natural History Cyclicity. On the GABA receptor site, barbiturates bind close coccjlus the chloride channel and, at least in part, increase chloride-ion conductance mimicking GABA activation.

Checklists specific search options Observed during.

The leaves may be used as a poultice for headache, stomach-ache or delayed menstruation. In the past the fruit was sometimes used fraudulently in the United Kingdom to flavour beers with its bitterness.

Its main goal is summarize the most relevant or attractive characteristics of this taxon to the general public.

Crushed seeds are traditionally used to stun or kill fish and as a pesticide. On a biochemical level, picrotoxin or more precisely its active constituent, picrotoxinin act as GABA gamma-amino butyric acid antagonists.

The juice of the fruits is applied externally to ulcers and scabies.