designer’s own words: Of Firoz Shah’s numerous mosques, the chief ones are Kali masjid, Begumpuri masjid, Kalan masjid and Khirki masjid at. Its a beautiful constructed historic mosque was built by Firoz Shah located in malviya nagar south delhi you can reach here by metro. Both saket and malviya. Khirki Masjid, New Delhi Picture: The outside of the mosque is solid. – Check out TripAdvisor members’ candid photos and videos of Khirki Masjid.
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The entrance of the mosque with solid towers. – Picture of Khirki Masjid, New Delhi
The Fortwhich is in a quadrangular shape, was built as a fortress with an unusual fusion of Islamic and traditional Hindu architecture. It is said to be the only monument style fort in North Indiawhich is mostly covered; the totally covered fort of the Sultanate period is, however, in South India at Gulbarga in North Karnataka. Khan-i-Jahan Junaan Telangani and Feroz Shah Tughlaq were intensely committed towards building architectural monuments. Together, they planned and built several tombs, forts and mosques.
Telangani in particular, was credited with building seven monuments of unique designs. The inference drawn for his interest to build monuments was that he was impelled by the fact that he was a Hindu convert who willed to prove himself true to his converted Islamic religion. The regal fort built by him was the Khirki Fort. Constructed in the Jahapanah city, it is a novel cross—axial fort in Tughluqian architectural style built more like a fortress.
There are no specific inscriptions on the Fort on its construction date, though the name of the builder is inscribed on the eastern gate of the Fort as ‘Khan-e-Jahan Junaan Shah’. Master Builders of the Delhi Sultanate”. The study has conjectured the year of building by comparing with many other large monuments of this period. It is dated between and when Feroz Shah Tughlaq, during his stay in Jahapanah, ordered this fort to be built as “his pious inaugural contribution to the Capital”.
There are four open courtyards square in size of 9. The open courtyards are the source of light and ventilation to the internal prayer spaces. The roof is partitioned into 25 squares of equal size with 9 small domes in each square totaling to 81 domes and alternated by 12 flat roofs to cover the roof. The four courtyards provide light and ventilation. The southern gate, with imposing steps at the main entrance, exhibits a combination of arch and trabeated construction.
It has an ornamental rectilinear frame. The turrets flanking the southern and northern gates are circular in shape; the articulation on these gives them a three storied appearance.
The main gate, which leads to the qibla on the western wall, has a projecting mihrab. Above the vaulted first floor cells, ubiquitous arch windows carved out of stone guard with perforated screens or jalis or traceryknown as “Khirkis””, are seen on the second floor.
The approach to the roof of the fort is from the east gate, and the view from the roof leaves a lasting impression of the geometrical design of the Fort. The interior walls are bland but provided with traditional carved stone screens.
Over the years, a few domes on the north—east side of the fort have collapsed and a few walls are in a dilapidated condition. The roof is on the verge of collapse at many places. Some conservation works have been initiated by ASI inside the fort. Heritage experts of Delhi were concerned by the status of the restoration works of the Khirki Fort done by the ASI, which converted it into a pink monument pictured as distinct from the lime mortar work done in the ancient times.
They pressed the ASI to re—examine the restoration procedures adopted by them for conservation works of Mughal monuments. ASI suspended the restoration works of the Fort and held a workshop on “Use of lime mortar in ancient times” to educate their staff on proper restoration of Mughal monuments.
Lime mortar survives for years but needs to be carefully prepared by using all the required ingredients in correct amount. This masjjd the chemical and physical properties and also made it more expensive exercise brick dust costs more than sand.
Khirki Masjid, New Delhi: Address, Khirki Masjid Reviews: 4.5/5
An ASI official conceded that Lime—surkhi was not used in proper proportion resulting in pink—coloured marks on some structures. ASI has now decided that in new restoration works, such as the Khirki Fort, lime will be used in proper quantity. Access to the fort is through the narrow lanes of Khirki village near Saketwhich is located in South Delhi. The nearest metro station is Malviya Nagar.
The fort can be easily glimpsed down the narrow lanes off this main road. The remnants of the fourth city of Delhi, Jahanpanah, the raised Bijai Mandal Platform and the Begampur Fort with its variety of domes are other attractions close to the fort. It is a sluice weir with seven arched main spans, with two additional bays at a higher level on the flanks. It is bordered by Haryana on three sides and by Uttar Pradesh to the east, the NCT covers an area of 1, square kilometres.
According to census, Delhis city population was about 11 million, Delhis urban area is now considered to extend beyond the NCT boundary to include an estimated population of over 26 million people making it the worlds second largest urban area.
As of recent estimates of the economy of its urban area have ranked Delhi either the top or second most productive metro area of India.
Delhi has been inhabited since the maxjid century BC. Through most of its history, Delhi has served as a capital of various kingdoms and it has been captured, ransacked and rebuilt several times, particularly during the medieval period, and modern Delhi is a cluster of a number of cities spread across ,hirki metropolitan region. New Delhi is jointly administered by the government of India and the local government of Delhi. Delhi is also the centre of the National Capital Region, which is a unique interstate regional planning area created by the National Capital Region Planning Board Act ofDelhi ranks among the cities with the worst air pollution in the world.
There are a number of myths and legends associated with the mxsjid of the name Delhi, one of them is derived from Dhillu or Dilu, a king who built a city at this location in 50 BC and named it after himself. The coins in circulation in the region under the Tomaras were called dehliwal, according to the Bhavishya Purana, King Prithiviraja of Indraprastha built a new fort in the modern-day Purana Qila area for the convenience of all four castes in his kingdom.
He ordered the construction of a gateway to the fort and later named the fort dehali, another theory suggests that the citys original name was Dhillika. The people of Delhi are referred to as Delhiites or Dilliwalas, the city is referenced in various idioms of the Northern Indo-Aryan languages.
An allusion to the sometimes semi-arid climate of Delhi, masijd refers to situations of deprivation when madjid is surrounded by plenty. The area around Delhi was probably inhabited before the second millennium BC, the city is believed to be the site of Indraprastha, the legendary capital ohirki the Pandavas in the Indian epic Mahabharata.
Khirki Mosque – WikiVisually
According to Mahabharata, this land was initially a huge mass of forests called Khandavaprastha which was burnt down to build the city of Indraprastha, the earliest architectural relics date back to the Maurya period, inan inscription of the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka was discovered near Srinivaspuri. Remains of eight cities have been discovered in Delhi. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country, and it is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast.
Indias Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a border with Thailand. The Indian subcontinent was home to the urban Indus Valley Civilisation of the 3rd millennium BCE, in the following millennium, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism began to be composed. Social stratification, based on caste, emerged in the first millennium BCE, early political consolidations took place under the Maurya and Gupta empires, the later peninsular Middle Kingdoms influenced cultures as far as southeast Asia.
In the medieval era, Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity, and Islam arrived, much of the north fell to the Delhi sultanate, the south was united under the Vijayanagara Empire. The economy expanded in the 17th century in the Mughal empire, in the midth century, the subcontinent came under British East India Company rule, and in the midth under British crown rule.
A nationalist movement emerged in the late 19th century, which later, under Mahatma Gandhi, was noted for nonviolent resistance, inthe Indian economy was the worlds seventh largest by nominal GDP and third largest by purchasing power parity. Following market-based economic reforms inIndia became one of the major economies and is considered a newly industrialised country.
However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, corruption, malnutrition, a nuclear weapons state and regional power, it has the third largest standing army in the world and ranks sixth in military expenditure among nations. India is massjid constitutional republic governed under a parliamentary system.
It is a pluralistic, multilingual and multi-ethnic society and is home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats. The name India is derived from Indus, which originates from the Old Persian word Hindu, the latter term stems from the Sanskrit word Sindhu, which was the historical local appellation for the Indus River.
The ancient Greeks masjjid to the Indians as Indoi, which translates as The people of the Indus, the geographical term Bharat, which is recognised by the Constitution of India as an official name for the country, is used by many Indian languages in its variations.
Scholars believe it to be named after the Vedic tribe of Bharatas in the second millennium B. E and it is also traditionally associated with the rule of the legendary emperor Bharata. Amsjid was introduced into India by the Mughals and widely used since then and its meaning varied, referring to a region that encompassed northern India and Pakistan or India in its entirety. Dome — A dome is an architectural element that resembles the hollow upper half of a sphere.
The precise definition has been a matter of controversy, there are also a wide variety of forms and specialized terms to describe them. A dome can rest upon a rotunda or drum, and can be supported by columns or piers that transition to the dome through squinches or pendentives, a lantern may cover an oculus and may itself have another dome.
Domes have a long architectural lineage that extends back ohirki prehistory and they have been constructed from mud, snow, stone, wood, brick, concrete, metal, glass, and plastic over the centuries. The symbolism associated with domes includes mortuary, celestial, and governmental traditions that have developed over time.
Domes have been found from early Mesopotamia, which may explain the forms spread and they are found in Persian, Hellenistic, Roman, and Chinese architecture in the Ancient world, as well as among a number of contemporary indigenous building traditions. They were popular in Byzantine and medieval Islamic architecture, and there are examples from Western Europe in the Middle Ages.
The Renaissance style spread from Italy in the Early modern period, advancements in mathematics, materials, and production techniques since that time resulted in new dome types. The domes of the world can be found over religious buildings, legislative chambers, sports stadiums.
The English word dome ultimately derives from the Latin domus —which, up through the Renaissance, labeled a revered house, such as a Domus Dei, or House of God, the French word dosme came to acquire the meaning of a cupola vault, specifically, by A dome is a rounded vault made of either curved segments or a shell of revolution, sometimes called false domes, corbel domes achieve their shape by extending each horizontal layer of stones inward slightly farther than the lower one until they meet at the top.
A false dome may also refer to a wooden dome, true domes are said to be those whose structure is in a state of compression, with constituent elements of wedge-shaped voussoirs, the joints of which align with a central point.
The validity of this is unclear, as domes built underground with corbelled stone layers are also in compression from the surrounding earth, as with arches, the springing of a dome is the level from which the dome rises. The top of a dome is the crown, the inner side of a dome is called the intrados and the outer side is called the extrados. The haunch is the part of an arch that lies halfway between the base and the top.
The word cupola is another word for dome, and is used for a small dome upon a roof or turret. Cupola has also used to describe the inner side of a dome. Drums, also called tholobates, are cylindrical or polygonal walls with or without windows that support a dome, a tambour or lantern is the equivalent structure over a domes oculus, supporting a cupola.
The outside of the mosque is solid. – Picture of Khirki Masjid, New Delhi – TripAdvisor
Generally khirkk tall spire with a conical or onion-shaped crown, usually either free-standing or taller than associated support structure, the basic form of a minaret includes a base, shaft, and gallery. Styles vary regionally and by period, minarets provide a visual focal point and are traditionally used for the Muslim call to prayer.
The purpose of minarets in traditional Mhirki region architecture is to serve as a system for a building in very hot climates. That buildings of middle eastern origins have mazjid outstanding features is architecturally intentional, however in modern times, with the invention of the modern air conditioners, the purpose of kuirki has changed to traditional symbol.
The minaret would be equipped with a speaker that would call people to prayers in Muslim countries. In addition to providing a visual cue to a Muslim community, the call to prayer is issued five times each day, dawn, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset, and ihirki.
Around 80 years after Muhammads death, the first known minarets appeared, minarets have been described as the gate from heaven and earth, mssjid as the Arabic language letter aleph. The massive minaret of the Great Mosque of Kairouan in Tunisia is the oldest standing minaret and its construction began during the first third of the 8th century and was completed in CE.
The imposing square-plan tower consists of three sections of decreasing size reaching In some of the oldest mosques, such as the Great Mosque of Damascus, the basic form of minarets consists of three parts, a base, shaft, and a gallery.
For the base, the ground is excavated until a foundation is reached. Gravel and other supporting materials may be used as a foundation, minarets may be conical, square, cylindrical, or polygonal.