Education Commission or Kothari Commission This article throws light upon the twenty-two major recommendations of Kothari education commission (). The recommendations are: 1. Education and. PRINCIPAL RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE KOTHARI COMMISSION/ EDUCATION COMMISSION, The Education Commission under the.

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Education and Modernization 4. The under graduate education was identified as XI and XII standards under the name, higher secondary or pre university.

Improvement in the Methods of Teaching 6. Education and National Objectives. Kothari iv 29th June; v 19, four. Teachers must, therefore, be accorded an honoured place in society. The orientation of teachers to the revised curricula through in-service training 5. Special tests may be conducted for the award of scholarships or certificates of merit and for identification of talent. The possibility of establishing autonomous book corporations on commercial lines should be examined and efforts should be made to have a few basic textbooks common throughout the country.

This will surely bring education into closer relationship with productivity.


Science commissioh mathematics should be taught on a compulsory basis to all pupils as a part of general education during the first ten years of schooling. Chairman, University Grants Commission. Athalye later replaced by S. Towards making these values as integral part of school programme, some period should set apart in the time-table. General education should last for a period of 10 years.

Kothari Commission

Education appeared to be one of areas which indicated many problems that needed our efforts for immediate solutions. Revision of curricula should be based on such research; 3. Unique Features of the Commission 2. The commission emphasised that necessary efforts should be taken to raise the economic social and professional status of teachers and to feed back talented youth into the profession Therefore, there is the urgent need of reform to upgrade the scale of 196-66 of teachers.


The four main themes of the commission were: Work experience, social service programmes, physical education and education in moral and spiritual values, co-curricular activities etc. Regional languages to be made language of administration for the regions concerned at ,othari earliest possible time. There should be provision for giving certificate along with cumulative record card at the end of the primary class.

Above all, it was suggested that there comkission be the co-ordination between Education Department and All India Radio for maximisation of teaching and optimisation of learning.

Two languages one regional and one national and preferably a third language Mathematical studies Science studies Social studies Art Physical education Work experience Moral studies.

Kothair for secondary education should accordingly be extended expeditiously to the areas and classes which have been denied these in the past. Classes XI and XII should provide for specialised studies in different subjects at the higher secondary stage. Balakrishnan secretary worked on the extra curricular ambience and activities of the education. Therefore, it is also known as the Kothari Commission. Report divided into four sections. Each state should organise a testing service at the end of the primary stage class VII or VIII and also at the end of lower secondary stage and make the assistance available to all the schools.

The central and state governments should adopt measures kotuari introduce education in moral, social and spiritual values in all the institutions under their direct control. Radhakrishnan Commission in unit 2which deals with university education and Secondary Education Commission in unit 3, confined to secondary education only. Appointment of village teachers should be encouraged to teach the village women.

It will relate education to productivity and also as a means of social and national integration. Thus new ideas will be developed in society and narrow ideas will disappear. Kothari commission strongly recommended that distance education through correspondence courses should be organised in a big way to provide education to the millions: A primary stage of 7 to 8 years divided into a lower primary stage of 4 or 5 years and a higher primary stage cimmission 3 or 2 years.


Efforts to be made to spread Hindi in non-Hindi speaking areas, as it are the official language of the union and the lingua-franca of the people. Another feature of modern society is the rapid social change.

Kothari Education Commission ()

World knowledge is growing at a tremendous pace, especially in science and technology. The commission fell that in order to raise standards of education, quality text books should je written by a qualified and competent specialist in the subject and produced with due care as for as printing quality and general get up and illustrations are concerned.

The Ministry of Education should take steps to establish, in the public sector, an autonomous organization functioning on commercial lines for the production of text books.

Considering the special importance of Sanskrit to the growth and development of Indian languages and its unique contribution to the cultural unity of the country, facilities for its teaching at the school and university stages should be offered on a more liberal scale.

Guidance and counseling should be regarded as an integral part of education, meant for all students and aimed at assisting the individual to make decision and adjustments from time to time it should help in the identification and development of the abilities and interests of adolescent pupils.

Education for Social and National Integration 1.