Due to the diversity of medicinal plants and herbal medicines, it is dif- ficult for Annex 2 lists the monographs in alphabetical order of the plant name, while. list of antidiabetic plants in india filetype pdf plants are usually installed as the final part of landscape construction. Hard Landscape: Civil work component of. In this study area, herbal remedies are considered convenient for mentioned plant extracts for antidiabetic list of antidiabetic plants in india filetype pdf Of these.

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All these plants are a rich source of phytochemicals. The steroids present in methi have been reported to reduce blood glucose level when supplemented to diabetic rats [ ]. Decrease in glycosuria and blood urea levels has also been reported.

The bioactive components present in Ficus are leucocyandin 3-O-beta-d-galactosyl cellobioside, leucopelargonidinO-alpha-L rhamnoside [ 1516 ]. Bitter melon is also effective in loosening adiposity. Infections of the throat larynxor the main airway tracheaor the airways going into the lungs bronchi are common.

Tulsi is reported to provide a protection for central nervous system [ 93 ] and against sexually transmitted diseases [ 94 ]. Trigonella foenum – graecum L. Sitosterol-d-glucoside present in the bark of Ficus religiosa is believed to elicit hypoglycemic activity in rabbits [ 14 ]. The diagnosis of upper respiratory tract infection should be used to denote an acute infection in which sinus, pharyngeal, and lower airway symptoms, although frequently present, are not prominent. View at Google Scholar F.

The bark of jamun is rich in several bioactive compounds including quercetin, betulinic acid, B- sitosterol, eugenin, ellagic and gallic acid [ 26 ], bergenin [ 27 ], tannins [ 28 ], and flavonoids. Ficus religiosa, Gymnema sylvestre, Allium sativum, Trigonella foenum graecum, Pterocarpus marsupium, Ocimum sanctum, Momordica charantia, Eugenia jambolana, and Ficus religiosa have shown varying degrees of hypoglycemic activity. Eugenol, the active constituent present in O.

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Compositional studies on bijasar have shown this plant to be a good source of polyphenols. The outcome of such studies may provide a starting point for development of potential antidiabetic drugs.

Several studies have proved its antidiabetic potential in animal models [ ]; when combined with acarbose it is reported to reduce intestinal transport of maltose in rats [ ]. The antihyperglycemic effect has been correlated with decline in somatostatin and high plasma glucagon levels [ ]. Studies on different experimental models have proved that fenugreek has strong antidiabetic properties [].

View at Google Scholar P. View at Google Scholar A.

Traditional Indian Medicines Used for the Management of Diabetes Mellitus

Decrease in muscle and hepatic glycogen in diabetes was observed to be corrected by peepal extract [ 1920 ]. Oral administration of G. A significant correlation between the good glycemic control and phospholipid levels has been observed [ ]. Upper respiratory tract infection pdf A reservoir plant for therapeutic applications: Oral incorporation of aqueous extract of Ficus religiosa for 21 days caused a significant lowering in blood glucose levels, and an elevated level of insulin has been observed.

Excess body fat, typical abdominal deposition pattern, low muscle mass, and racial predisposition may filletype the prevalence of hyperinsulinemia and increased development of type 2 diabetes in Asian Indians. Among these, species are in India [ 9 ]. The skeletal muscle is an important site for insulin-stimulated glucose uptake.

Ocimum holy basil is reported to grow worldwide.

The hypoglycemic effect of ethanolic extract of G. Garlic is also used in folk medicine for the management of cardiac diseases, cancer, parasitic, fungal diseases, and diabetes []. Presence of flavanoids in the seeds provides the gastric ulcer protective activity to jamun [ 40 ].

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View at Google Scholar M. According to International Diabetes Federation IDFthe number of individuals with diabetes in crossed million, with an estimated 4.

Eugenia jambolana is one of the widely used medicinal plants in the treatment of diabetes and several other diseases. Similar kind of results has also been reported in numerous studies done on dogs and rabbits [ 3839 ]. anridiabetic

List of antidiabetic plants in india filetype pdf

Ocimum sanctum Ocimum sanctum L. This article has been cited by other filety;e in PMC. Among these 2, species are in India, out of which species are used commercially on a fairly large scale.

There are fragrant white flowers in branched clusters at stem tips and purplish-black oval edible berries. Besides eliciting a strong antidiabetic property, Pterocarpus marsupium is reported to be effective against several diseases. Subscribe to Table of Contents Alerts.

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Saponins are reported to reduce serum cholesterol levels [ ]. Administration of raw garlic homogenate was found to normalise infia hepatic TBARS and GSH levels and also improve insulin sensitivity and oxidative stress in fructose-fed rats [ ]. As per Ayurveda, it is one of the most versatile medicinal plants with a wide spectrum of biological activities. Addition of ethanolic extract of seeds and seed powder of Eugenia jambolana in alloxan-induced diabetic rats showed significant reduction in blood sugar level and enhancement in the histopathology of pancreatic islets [ 37 ].

There is an increasing demand to use the natural antidiabetic agents.